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موضوع: علائم نشانه گذاری در زبان انگلیسی ( Punctuation Marks )

  1. #1

    تاریخ عضویت
    Sep 2010
    محل سکونت
    خوزستان
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    1,823

    میزان امتیاز
    12

    پیش فرض علائم نشانه گذاری در زبان انگلیسی ( Punctuation Marks )

    Punctuation Marks


    Why Punctuation Matters
    When we speak, we make pauses between words or groups of words. But in addition to pauses we use other techniques to shape our speaking. We produce some words with more force, so that more notice is taken of them. We move our voice up and down, as well. We use gestures, and we change the expression on our face when we talk. In all these cases we shape our speech.

    When we write, we should also shape our words, phrases and sentences. The first thing to do is to leave a space between the written words. If you leave no space between words you should find reading very difficult though not impossible. The second stage is to use punctuation marks. Punctuation marks are conventional signs and symbols which are used for the following purposes:
    1. To separate groups of words for clear meaning and emphasis
    2. To convey an idea of the variation of pitch, pauses and intonation of speech put into writing
    3. To help avoid contextual ambiguity

    Apostrophe (')
    :The apostrophe is used
    _ To form possessive of singular and plural nouns not ending in 's' or 's' sound

    :Examples
    Tom's shoes Anybody's coat Son-in-law's hat
    Man's feet Anybody Else's coat

    _ To mark omissions in contracted form
    Examples:
    It's five o'clock He won't go I'm a student They're coming

    _ To form the plural of the letters, numbers, and signs referred to as word


    منبع و تایپ مطالب این تاپیک : ایران انجمن

    ویرایش توسط BLaDe : 15-02-2014 در ساعت 10:44 AM
    عادت کرده ام
    کوتاه بنویسم
    کوتاه بخونم
    کوتاه حرف بزنم
    کوتاه نفس بکشم
    تازگی ها
    دارم عادت می کنم
    کوتاه زندگی می کنم
    یا شاید
    کوتاه بمیرم

  2. #2

    تاریخ عضویت
    Sep 2010
    محل سکونت
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    میزان امتیاز
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    پیش فرض

    Important:
    A. To form the possessive of plural nouns ending in 's', use the apostrophe alone.
    e.g:
    Soldiers' uniform
    Friends' houses
    Ladies' jewelry
    B. To form the possessive of singular nouns ending in 's' or 's' sound, use either the apostrophe plus 's' or the apostrophe alone.

    e.g:
    Keats's poetry
    Keats' poetry

    Exercise 21


    1. Write the following phrases with apostrophe.
    a. The defeat of our team
    b. The house belonging to Antony
    c. The playground for children
    d. The courage of the policewoman
    e. The kindness of my aunt


    2. Add an apostrophe to each of the following sentences.
    a. Youll be sorry.

    ?b. Dont you like swimming
    .c. Im cold
    ?d. Whos the new prime minister
    ?e. Doesnt your brother ever stop talking


    Exclamation mark (!)
    1. We usually put an exclamation mark after a word or a group of words to show strong feeling, i.e, to show that someone is angry, or surprised, or frightened, or happy.
    e.g:
    Stop doing that !
    Help !
    Go away !
    2. It is used after interjections.
    Ouch!
    Oh!
    Woo!
    Gee!
    Exercise 22
    Use exclamation mark where necessary.
    Go away
    There's dave
    I've won
    Get off
    Hold on
    I saw him

    ویرایش توسط BLaDe : 15-02-2014 در ساعت 10:52 AM
    عادت کرده ام
    کوتاه بنویسم
    کوتاه بخونم
    کوتاه حرف بزنم
    کوتاه نفس بکشم
    تازگی ها
    دارم عادت می کنم
    کوتاه زندگی می کنم
    یا شاید
    کوتاه بمیرم

  3. #3

    تاریخ عضویت
    Sep 2010
    محل سکونت
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    میزان امتیاز
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    پیش فرض

    (,)Comma

    :The comma is used
    1. To set off main clauses joined by a coordinate conjunction (and, or, but, so, for , nor, yet), and very short clauses not so joined.


    e.g:

    She knew very little about him, and he disclosed nothing.


    He tried hard, but he failed in his exams.


    I came, I saw, I conquered.





    2. To set off a subordinate clause that precedes the main clause.

    When he found that his friends had deserted him, he sat down and wept.




    3. To set off the conjunctive adverbs (however, consequently, still, in addition).

    4. To set off an appositive or a non-restrictive adjective clause

    5. To set off transitional element

    6. To set off words such as yes, no, thank you and question tags.

    7. To set off names of people spoken to

    8. To separate a series of three or more words, phrases, clauses.

    9. To set off parenthetic elements from rest of the sentence

    10. To set off direct speech

    11. To group numbers into units of three, thousand, million and billion

    12. To punctuate an inverted name

    13. To set off a proper name from a following academic, honorary, governmental or military title

    14. To terminate each line of address in a British-styled letter

    15. To terminate salutation in a personal letter

    16. To terminate complementary closing of a letter

    Exercise 23

    Use comma where needed in each sentence.

    1. After walking for two hours along a narrow path we found the bank of the river.

    2. If you study hard you will succeed.

    3. You can make a dog lie down but you can't make him close his eyes.

    4. While there is life there is hope.

    5. The shark stomach contained a pair of shoes a human skull a copy of the bible printed on leather.

    6. Our tour will give us a week in Venice three days in Florence four days in Rome and the rest of the time we will be traveling there and back on the coach.

    7. Margaret I'm sure would love to come with us.

    8. My brother Edward is now doing very well in Canada.

    9. Gardening which I hate takes up most of my Sundays in summer.

    10. Your brother likes football doesn't he?

    11. Yes that’s my pen.

    12. Thank you id be glad to come.

    13. Excuse me sir is this your car?

    14. Im all right Jack.

    15. Joe must you leave your rubbish on the floor?

    16. He worked during the day; furthermore he attended night classes.

    17. He was tired he was hungry and he was very late.

    18. Mr. Morgan Johns father was pleased.


    19. "You must go now" he said.

    منبع : ایران انجمن
    عادت کرده ام
    کوتاه بنویسم
    کوتاه بخونم
    کوتاه حرف بزنم
    کوتاه نفس بکشم
    تازگی ها
    دارم عادت می کنم
    کوتاه زندگی می کنم
    یا شاید
    کوتاه بمیرم

  4. #4

    تاریخ عضویت
    Sep 2010
    محل سکونت
    خوزستان
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    1,823

    میزان امتیاز
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    پیش فرض

    Period, Full stop (Bre.),(.)
    The full stop is used:
    1. To terminate, declarative or imerative sentences.
    2. To make abbreviations
    Note: the full stop is not generally used if the abbreviation ends with the same letter as the full word.
    Exercise 24
    Use period where it is necessary.
    1. Open the door
    2. At seven o'clock
    3. NE Jones
    4. In Iran people can vote at the age of sixteen
    5. I bet you I could stop gambling
    Colon (:)
    The colon is used:
    1. To introduce a clause or phrase that explains, illustrates, amplifies, or restates what has gone before
    2. To introduce a list or series
    3. To introduce the lengthy quoted material as Chomsky remarks
    4. To introduce the words of a speaker in a play or conversation
    5. To set off hours and minutes
    6. To separate Biblical and Quranic references
    7. To give the relationship between one number and another
    8. After a salutation in a business or formal letter
    9. To introduce a comment or explanation in the same way as a dash
    Exercise 25
    Use colon where it is necessary.
    1. You will recognize the first sign of age: it is when you go out and realize for the first how young the policeman look.
    2. 18 30
    3. The mechanic found three things wrong with the car faulty brakes, poor steering and a lot of rust underneath.
    4. Dear Madam
    5. He won Oscars in two films 'Women in love' and 'a touch of class'.
    6. The college library ordered the following books
    عادت کرده ام
    کوتاه بنویسم
    کوتاه بخونم
    کوتاه حرف بزنم
    کوتاه نفس بکشم
    تازگی ها
    دارم عادت می کنم
    کوتاه زندگی می کنم
    یا شاید
    کوتاه بمیرم

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سایت ایران انجمن در تاریخ 1389/8/10 راه اندازی شد و با تلاش گروهی مؤسسان خود، شروع به فعالیت نمود. هدف ما همواره تولید مطلوب و با کیفیت محتوا و ارائه ی خدمات مطلوب و شایسته به کاربران محترم می باشد.

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